Strengthening regulations from IMO
The International Maritime Organization (IMO) pursues a distinct goal towards greenhouse gas emissions reduction, and a firm willingness to decarbonize international shipping.
IMO adopted compulsory actions to reduce emissions of the shipping industry, particularly the Energy Efficiency Operating Index (EEOI) for new ships, and the Annual Efficiency Ratio (AER) for all ships.
Moreover, owners/charterers and even lenders have to be fully transparent on the emissions they produce and make sure they are within the levels set by the IMO.
Shipowners and charterers will be facing increased pressure to adjust their business approach and switch to alternative fuels. Alternative way forward would be to negotiate with a charter an offer of a green voyage, where CO2 offsets will be incorporated into the cost estimate.